Max Eastman (1883-1969) was born in 1883. He became an activist for women's issues and was an early supporter of the Left Opposition. In 1912 he was asked to take over editorship of The Masses and under him the journal moved further to the left. In 1918, after The Masses had to cease publication, Eastman started with other radical writers to publish The Liberator, a magazine with similar intentions to The Masses, and remained with the magazine until 1924, when The Liberator was taken over by the Communist Party. Max Eastman died in 1969.
Floyd Dell (1887-1969), born in
1887, was only sixteen when he joined the Socialist Party. In 1914
he moved to New York to help Max Eastman edit The Masses.
In 1918 Dell went on to publish The Liberator (1918-24),
a very similar magazine to The Masses. After the war Dell
published the best-selling autobiographical novel, Moon-Calf (1920)
as well as writing for the left-wing magazines such as the New
Masses (1924-39) Dell wrote several non-fictional works including Upton
Sinclair (1927), Love in the Machine Age (1930) and
an autobiography, Homecoming (1933). He died in 1969.
(1885-1977), born in 1885, published his first book of
poetry, First Love in 1911. Louis Untermeyer held left-wing
political views and was an editor for The Masses. In 1950
he became a panelist on the television programme, What's My Line.
Like many other left-wing artists he became a victim of McCarthyism.
In 1956 Untermeyer was awarded a Gold Medal by the Poetry Society
of America. He died 1977.
William English Walling (1877-1936) was born in 1877. Together with Mary Ovington he formed the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP). From 1912 on he helped editing The Masses. He left the magazine, however, because of their contradictory attitudes towards the war. Walling wanted the USA to join the war, while other editors of The Masses, including Eastman believed that the U.S. should stay neutral. Throughout his life he remained politically activ. He died 1936.
Art Young (1866-1943), born in 1866, had his first work of art accepted by the Judge magazine at the age of seventeen. Soon after his first success, Young moved to Chicago, where he was offered work with the Chicago Daily News and the Chicago Inter-Ocean. When Piet Vlag started The Masses, in 1910, he asked Young to join him. Over the next few years Young published his cartoons in The Masses as well as The Liberator (1918-24) or Good Morning (1919-21). He also worked for the Saturday Evening Post, the Nation, New Masses and the New Leader. Art Young continued to produce politically committed cartoons until his death in 1943.
Boardman Robinson (1876-1952) was
born in 1876. and worked as acartoonist for the New York Times and
the New York Tribune.
George Bellows (1882-1925), born
in 1882, studied art at the New York School of Art under Robert Henri,
who was the leader of what became known as the Ashcan School. From
1911 on he began contributing pictures to The Masses. For The
Masses he produced several anti-war drawings including such as
the powerful attack on Woodrow Wilson and his Espionage Act, Blessed
are the Peacemakers.
Last Update 12/04