Symptoms, Tests, Treatment, and Prevention:
-Along with the acutal spina bifida lesion,
several other anomalies can accompany: various other skull and brain
malformations, hip dislocations and clubfeet can also accompany
-Arnold-Chiari Type II malformation is frequently
present with all types of spina bifida. In this malformation, the
brain stem is slightly smaller than normal and can become lodged
in the lower passage out of the skull. This blocks the flow of cerebrosprinal
fluid and increases the pressure inside the head.
-It is also known that a large portion of
those with spina bifida possess a latex allergy; although, it not
known whether this is inherent or developed from large amount of
exposure to latex in surgeries and examinations.
-Spina bifida can be detected with great
accuracy from standard ultrasound examinations.
-Several treatment options are availible
for pregnancies with spina bifida, depending on the severity: for
severe malformation the pregnancy can be terminated, corrective
surgery can be employed immediately following birth, to a limited
extent intrauterine surgery is employed, and expectant management
of the spina bifida without correction is also a viable option.
-Standard prevention for spina bifida is
the same dietary and lifestyle suggestions as other NTDs, particularly
a presecribed amount of folic acid taken daily.