What are the treatment options?
Malaria is curable when detected early and treated properly. It is also preventable through vector control programs. These programs work on an indivdual and community level to prevent transmission of the Plasmodium protazoa by avoiding mosquito bites. When individuals use repellants and mosquito nets and communities use insecticides, malaria transmission decreases.
When malaria is contracted, there are a medications that are used to cure it. The primary treatment is antimalaria drugs. In many regions, however, it has become more difficult to treat because the parasite has become resistant to many of these drugs. Chloroquine has been the most effective malaria medication historically, but now shows the most resistance. The most common treatment for cerebral malaria is quinine. Is is suspected that these antimalaria drugs interfere with the Plasmodium enzymatic digestion.
Other drugs treat the complications resulting from cerebral malaria. For example, paracetamol is used to reduce fever, anti-convulsants are ued to prevent seizures, and osmotic diuretics reduce the intracranial pressure.
Because there are few effective antimalaria drugs and resistance to these drugs has increased, there has been a search for alternate affordable malaria treatments. Over the past ten years, researchers have been searching for a malaria vaccine. An effective vaccine is expected within the next 7-15 years, as some candidates are currently in clinical trial.
For more information e-mail the author at firstname.lastname@example.org