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Marleen Eijkholt


Ph.D. University of Manchester, Manchester (UK)
LL.B/LL.M. Maastricht University, Maastricht (the Netherlands)


I teach introduction to clinical ethics, neuroethics and health care law, policy and ethics. I also serve as a clinical ethics consultant at Carolinas Medical Center in Charlotte.

My education background is eclectic. I studied law at Maastricht University and bioethics at the University of Manchester. I was a postdoctoral fellow in neuroethics at the University of British Columbia and a clinical ethics fellow at the Alden March Institute for Bioethics.

My interests are wide and broad, but (clinical) neuroethics focuses my research today. I am intrigued by the ethical issues arising from new and emerging neuro-technologies. Stem cells, imaging technologies (like fMRI) and deep brain stimulation, for example, raise a host of interesting issues that are worth exploring. Questions such as: When can we start to translate a new neuro-technology from the research to the treatment setting? Can we skip large animal models and start injecting stem cells in patients with spinal cord injury following limited research with rats? How much risk and uncertainty is acceptable in applying these technologies in the clinic? Deep brain stimulation entails significant risk but the benefits are significant too, who should have access to this intervention? What do imaging technologies tell us about free will, consciousness, addiction, lies, life and death and how should we apply this knowledge?

In short, my research focuses on the of Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (ELSI) of new neuro-technologies in the contexts of treatment, research or experimental interventions.