The hundred year period from 1790 to 1890 witnessed the greatest series of revolutions in painting in the entire history of western art. When these hundred years began art was produced for the sake of the church or the king; when these hundred years ended art was being produced for the sake of art. This remarkable revolution took place though a series of clearly definable mini revolutions or "isms". Neo-classicism was revolted against by Romanticism; Romanticism was revolted against by Realism; Realism was revolted against by Impressionism; Impressionism was revolted against by Symbolism; and Symbolism was revolted against by Expressionism. In order to trace the emergence and development of the above stated revolutions, we will be studying the work of leading nineteenth-century artists from France, England, Germany and Spain in light of the political, theological, philosophical, psychological and art historical influences that shaped their work. As is true of all my courses, why a particular work of art looks as it does is more important than being able to identify the title of the work or the precise date in which it was painted.
Satisfies Visual and Performing Arts distribution requirement.