This course introduces theory, research, and current debates in causes of global development and underdevelopment. The course takes a critical and empirically grounded sociological approach. Moreover, given the growing complexity of the international development agenda, the course material occasionally also draw from other social sciences including anthropology, economics, and political science. The course begins by tracing the historical chronology of the "development project" starting from the end of World War II to the present by focusing on changing meanings and "measures" of global development over time. The second part of the course uses case studies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America to introduce correlates of global development and institutions that engender (or hinder) socioeconomic improvement. Substantive topics include: international trade, globalization and global governance, state formation and democratization, the failures of foreign aid, development from below and NGOs, microfinance, gender and development, and sustainable development.