On any job requiring a ladder, use only approved sturdy ladders on a firm base.
Non-slip safety feet should be provided on each metal or rung ladder. Ladder rungs and steps should be free of grease and oil.
All ladders should be inspected for damage. Employees are prohibited from using ladders that are broken, have missing steps, rungs, or cleats, broken side rails, or other faulty equipment.
Employees are prohibited from using ladders as guys, braces, skids, gin poles, or for other than their intended purpose.
Portable metal ladders should be legibly marked with signs reading "CAUTION Do Not Use Around Electrical Equipment" or equivalent wording.
Extension ladders shall be kept from slipping or tipping by tying off the ladder at the top and securing the ladder at the bottom.
The ladder should extend at least three feet above the landing area. Whenever possible, angle out the base one-fourth of the ladder's working length.
Never stand on the top two steps of any ladder.
Ladders should not be placed in front of doors opening toward the ladder unless the door is blocked open, locked, or guarded.
Face the ladder while climbing and use both hands. Lift equipment and materials with a rope specifically for that purpose, don't carry the equipment up a ladder with one hand.
Scaffolding should be used if solid footing or a safe ladder is not available. Caster brakes should be set before an employee gets on a scaffold. If no brakes are available, another employee should be in position to secure the scaffold.
Scaffolding shall be secured at intervals of 15 feet to a solid support. Secure by wire, cable, chain or rope.
Ladders, boxes, etc. should not be set on scaffolds to increase working heights.
Scaffolds should not be moved with employee(s) or materials on the scaffold.
Scaffolding shall not be moved until its height is reduced below 15 feet. Sufficient help shall be used to move the scaffold. A "watcher" shall be posted to watch for overhead obstructions as well as holes, etc., at ground level.
Guardrails and toe boards are required on any scaffold over five feet high.
Flooring shall be solid from side-to-side and secured in place with cleats.
Keep all tools and materials away from the edges of the scaffold and platform openings.
Scaffolding over 50 feet high shall be inspected by the environmental health and safety manager.